On and off I had been reading about covenant theology. We see several covenants in the scriptures that God made with men, such as the Covenant of Works, the Covenant of Grace, and the Abrahamic, Mosaic, and Davidic covenants. However, there is a covenant that overarches all those other covenants, and that is the Covenant of Redemption. Unlike all the other covenants, this was not a covenant between God and men, but a covenant within the Holy Trinity. This is not explicitly stated in scriptures but there are many passages that show us that there was an eternal covenant, bound by oath, within the Holy Trinity that ultimately manifested itself in the death and resurrection of Christ and resulted in our salvation.
Psalm 110:4 “The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind. You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”
We see here that the LORD makes an oath “He has sworn” that Christ is a priest forever. We know from Hebrews 7 that David’s psalm here refers to Christ as that priest:
Hebrews 7: 17-22 “You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek … And it was not without an oath. For those who formerly became priests were made such without an oath, but this one was made a priest with an oath by the one who said to him: The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever.’ This makes Jesus the guarantor of a better covenant.”
We don’t know when this oath-bound covenant happened between God the Father and the Son, but it is safe to bet that this was an eternal covenant perhaps before the creation of the universe.
Why does that matter to us today?
Well, the Covenant of Redemption shows us that there is an unbreakable relationship and bond of love within the Holy Trinity, a relationship bound by an unbreakable oath. And it is amazing to realize that somehow that infinite God chose to include us in that unbreakable relationship and oath through the work of Christ.
Ephesian 1: 3-7 “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved. In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace.”
—Elder Apo Panossian